Central Nervous System Diseases




The nervous system is the most complicated system of the human body. Nervous systems provide coordination between cells, tissues, organs and the relations of organisms with the outside world. Besides these, he manages the skills such as speaking, fulfilling intelligence functions, consciousness, reasoning and thinking. Although it is the control mechanism of the human body, it provides all orgasnization. Nervous systems; It is examined in two parts as central nervous systems and peripheral nervous systems. Central nervous systems (also known as the central nervous system) consist of the brain and spinal cord. This system; It also controls voluntary movements such as walking and speaking, and involuntary and automatic movements such as respiratory and digestive systems. It also relates to our 5 sensory organs and abilities (seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, smelling), our emotions (rejoicing, sadness, etc.), thinking and memory functions. Internal nervous neurology, surgical neurosurgery (neurosurgery) branch of medicine deals with central nervous system diseases.

Brain Tumors

Abnormal formations occurring in various parts of the brain in skull cavities are called brain tumor . Tumors can be seen in any age group regardless of age, but they are more common in the 3 to 12 and 40 to 70 age groups. Brain tumors are divided into two main groups as benign (malignant) and malignant (malignant).

Bening Brain Tumors

These types of tumor formations often develop inside the skull, but outside the brain tissue. The boundaries they form are smooth. Although they do not give any symptoms, they do not spread their functions by spreading to the normal working tissues around. These tumor types can be removed by surgical intervention. Moreover, these types of tumors taken by surgical intervention do not repeat. However, central nervous systems, especially the brain region, are very sensitive to pressure changes since they are located in a closed box (skull) that is very tightly protected. Compression of some benign brain tumors to important structures can prevent the normal functioning of the organs or tissues that are pressed and cause life risks. Sometimes there is a risk of transformation of benign brain tumors into malignant tumors.

Maling Brain Tumors

Malignant brain tumor formations contain cancer cells. It affects cells that are important for vital functions in the brain and threatens individuals’ lives. Malignant brain tumors are fast growing growths and progress towards the surrounding tissues. They destroy the healthy tissues of the brain, taking root as if it were a tree function. Maling brain tumors are seen in two types.

Primary (Primary) Brain Tumor Formations : Tumors caused by parenchymal tissues in the brain, pituitary, meningeal tissues and nerve sheaths. The most common primary brain tumors are gliomas. These formations originate from the extra-nerve support cells of the brain.

Secondary (Secondary) Brain Tumors : Tumors formed by the spread of the tumor and its membranes that develop in a tissue other than the nervous systems. These formations are also called (metastatic / displacement) brain tumors .

Maling Brain Tumors Etiology

The exact cause of such brain tumors occurring is not yet known. However, working in treatment systems, the tire and paint industry, or having close contact with the substances used in these lines of work are considered risk factors for virus infections and heredity tumor formation.

Maling Brain Tumors Symptoms and Findings

The symptoms and signs observed in tumors occurring within the skull vary depending on where the tumors occur, their growth rates, compression of the surrounding tissues, and edema in their environment. These formations manifest themselves as follows:

  • Observed headaches associated with edema
  • Headaches due to intracranial pressures
  • Vertigo / Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Convulsions
  • Consciousness disorders
  • Vision problems

According to the regions where tumors are located;

  • Frontal lobe tumor, personality variations and motor deformations,
  • Sensory problems in the parietal lobe tumor,
  • In the temporal lobe tumor; epileptic seizure occurrences, hearing problems,
  • Motor function problems in brainstem tumor,
  • Generalized findings in cerebellum tumor due to balance problems and increased intracranial pressure,
  • Hormonal deformations and vision problems can be seen in the pituitary tumor.

Maling Brain Tumors Diagnostic methods

  • Taking an anamnesis,
  • Listening to the family story
  • Physical examination and neurological examination.
  • Angiogram, craniography, CT request of the brain, MRI and myelogram requests.
  • Performing biopsy for histopathological examination after clinical and radiological requests and necessary examinations.
  • The pathological examination to be performed is applied to obtain information about the presence of the disease and the exact type of the tumor, if any.

Maling Brain Tumors Treatment

The most appropriate treatment is decided by specialist physicians based on the diameter and location of the tumors. Surgical intervention, radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatments are among the methods that can be applied.

NOTE: The content is for informational purposes only and diagnosis and treatment should not be performed by only looking at this information.



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