Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), also known as menstrual tension syndrome, is a disease that begins 7 to 10 days before menstrual bleeding (menstruation) in general and manifests itself with different symptoms and signs. Symptoms and severity of symptoms vary from patient to patient. The symptoms that are seen usually start after the age of 20. It occurs more frequently after high changes in hormone balances, such as giving birth or miscarriage. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) symptoms occur every month before each menstrual period in the same time frame. When individuals see these specific symptoms, they know that menstrual cycles come and this process will continue in this way. If there are any conditions such as pain, etc. in the current symptoms, medical intervention can be performed by consulting specialist physicians. In addition, while diagnosing Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), blood hormone levels can be controlled.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms and Findings
- Various feelings of fullness and bloating occur in the lower part of the abdominal area
- Bloating, pain and tenderness can be seen in the breasts
- Different doses of swelling may occur in the ankles
- Weight gain of 2 to 3 kg, developing due to water retention of this period in the body, may occur after the menstrual period
- Headache, pain in the lumbar region, pain in the joints and muscles can occur, as well as migraine attacks in patients with migraine during this period
- There may be some uneasiness, depression, development of anxiety and unrest
- Increases in acne (acne) occurrences may occur
- Insomnia may occur
- Individuals may occasionally experience fatigue and exhaustion, as well as some individuals and vice versa.
- Sudden hot flashes may occur,
- Nausea formations can be observed
- During this period, constipation or vice versa diarrhea may occur
- Some individuals may experience crying crises
- Panic attacks may occur
- Suicide increase can be observed,
- This process may increase the tendency to anger and violence in individuals
Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) are not yet known for certain. Some strong theories are emphasized. However, none of the theories revealed in the studies has been shown to be linked to drect Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). Among the theories, the following items can be counted.
- Fluctuations in hormone levels occur
- Deficiencies in some hormones and their reflections in the form of signs and symptoms to individuals
- Fluctuations occurring in some chemical substances in the brain structure
- Formation or presence of nutritional disorders
- The effects of hereditary factors on individuals’ body
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Treatment
Patients generally have a drain against Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) treatment.
- Individuals are recommended to exercise regularly during the treatment process
- Individuals’ having a regular and quality sleep during this process alleviates the complaints of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).
- Although it varies from individual to individual, it may be recommended to use premenstrual diuretic drugs in patients who are deemed necessary.
- During the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) process, psychiatric counseling may be offered to some individuals who are particularly sensitive. Counseling can be taken to make the process easier, and sometimes it may be necessary to use soothing drugs for individuals.
- In the process of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), painkillers may be recommended despite individuals’ pain complaints
- In cases where breast pain is high, narrow bra is recommended and breasts are detected.
- Gestagen hormone therapy can provide successful results in some individuals during the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).
Protection of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Measures That Can Be Taken
- During the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), individuals are recommended to reduce caffeine consumption, sugar use, salt consumption and consumption of bakery foods. By providing these reductions, PMS can reduce complaints as much as possible.
- In this process, individuals should be informed that they should especially avoid consuming chocolate.
- Giving vitamin B6 and magnesium supplements to Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Patients may be helpful for reducing complaints.
- According to some studies, taking 500 mg of primrose oil (primrose family) daily may be beneficial for protecting Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and reducing its complaints.
- In this process, individuals should be informed that stress should be avoided as much as possible.
- Hot shower can be provided to reduce tension during the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) process and as the menstrual period approaches. Temperature has a great effect on reducing the signs and symptoms and relaxing the body.
- During the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), it is recommended to avoid alcohol before menstruation, even in everyday life
- For pain occurrences in the period of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), hot treatment should be recommended with hot water presses to the area where pain is observed.
- If the symptoms that are severe enough to affect the normal lives of individuals, it should be informed that a specialist should be consulted immediately.
NOTE: The content is for informational purposes only and diagnosis and treatment should not be performed by only looking at this information.